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Mohamed El-Erian says whipsawing markets are moving first and finding justification later

Mohamed El-Erian
Mohamed El-Erian, Chief Economic Advisor of Allianz and Former Chairman of President Obama’s Global Development Council, speaks during the Milken Institute Global Conference in Beverly Hills, California, U.S., May 1, 2017.


  • Markets are weaving their own shaky stimulus narratives to climb higher, but several obstacles stand in the way of a new deal, Mohamed El-Erian, chief economic advisor at Allianz, said Monday.
  • Investors continue to tell themselves “it’s a matter of time” before Congress reaches a compromise, but “there’s ongoing damage to the economy every day,” he said on CNBC.
  • The market “wants to go up and then it finds the narrative to justify why it’s gone up,” he added.
  • Progress on reaching a deal is the “only thing that matters this week” as gauges of economic recovery moderate and the window to pass a bill closes, the famed economist said.
  • Visit the Business Insider homepage for more stories.

Markets are making knee-jerk reactions to skewed narratives without considering larger economic threats, Mohamed El-Erian, chief economic advisor at Allianz, said Monday.

After a brief bout of calmed market volatility, choppy trading resumed earlier this month after President Donald Trump abruptly canceled, and just as surprisingly revived, plans for another stimulus package. While Democrats and the White House have inched closer to reaching a compromise, Senate Republicans have balked at all recent proposals.

Investors continue to tell themselves “it’s a matter of time” before Congress passes another massive spending package, El-Erian said on CNBC. Though deal progress has been made in recent weeks, the market’s rally rests on an uneasy foundation, he added.

“The problem with the ‘it’s a matter of time’ argument is there’s ongoing damage to the economy every day, so it really does matter when this will come,” he said. “This market is completely behavioral. It wants to go up and then it finds the narrative to justify why it’s gone up.”

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He continued: “This market will look at whatever silver linings there are, on the stimulus, and extrapolate that.”

The window to pass a package is quickly closing. Senate Republicans are focused on confirming Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court, placing fiscal relief talks on the party’s back-burner. Once confirmation hearings end on Thursday, legislators have just two weeks to finalize a deal before Election Day.

No matter how much investors focus on economic data or Wall Street projections, progress on a spending bill is “the only thing that matters this week” to the market’s trajectory, El-Erian said.

The stimulus impasse comes as economic indicators slow their pace of recovery and suggest some damage will linger until well after the coronavirus pandemic ends. Jobless claims data published Thursday showed claims falling slightly to 840,000, still sitting well above the worst readings seen during the Great Recession. Gauges of consumer spending have slowed their return to pre-pandemic highs.

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New daily COVID-19 cases have also trended higher in recent weeks, reviving fears of widespread lockdowns.

The trendline of economic recovery is starting to look less like the sought-after V-shape and more like a square-root sign, El-Erian said.

“You come back up and you flatten too early. Too early relative to what it could be and too early relative to what we need,” he added.

To be sure, the US has yet to suffer a crippling wave of corporate bankruptcies. Markets boast enough liquidity and investor demand to offer cheap financing to cash-strapped firms. The avoidance of bankruptcies is the “one thing that has been really helpful for the marketplace,” El-Erian said.

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Why the stock market’s sharp rally off March lows is even stronger than it seems, according to one Wall Street chief strategist

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